Albatross - three under par for a whole. A rare score - essentially getting the ball in the hole in two shots on a par five.
Birdie - one over par.
Bogey - one over par.
Bunker - a sand pit from which it can be difficult to get the ball out.
Caddie - the person who carries the players clubs and no doubt gets a bad back!
Double Bogey - two over par.
Driver - a large club for hitting the ball a long way.
Eagle - two under par for a hole
Fairway - the ideal place to hit a shot from, the manicured short grass part of the course.
Flag - marks the hole
Green - the putting green, short grass from where the ball is putted into the hole.
Iron - a range of clubs used for middle distance shots.
Par - the expected score for a hole. Often holes are par 3, 4, 5 - getting the ball down in less shots is good, getting the ball in with more shots is bad
Putting - using a putter on the green to knock the ball in the hole
Rough - long grass outside the bounds of the fairway
Sand wedge - a club used to get the ball out a bunker.
Tee - a small piece of wood or plastic used to hit the first shot of the hole from, giving the ball elevation.
Tee off - hit the first shot on a hole.
Treble bogey - three over par.
Wedge - a club with an angled face to get elevation.
Wood - a thick club made of wood, normally used to tee off.